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Alabama Dept. of Archives & History

P.O. Box 300100 / 624 Washington Ave.

Montgomery, AL 36130



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1830 - Fifth Census of the United States


The 1830 Census was the fifth enumeration conducted of the United States population as provided for in the U.S. Constitution. The 12.9 million people enumerated represented a 33.5% increase over the prior census. Enumerators of the 1830 census were asked to include the following categories in the census: name of head of household; number of free white males and females in age categories: 0 to 5, 5 to 10, 10 to 15, 15 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70, 70 to 80, 80 to 90, 90 to 100, over 100; the name of a slave owner and the number of slaves owned by that person; the number of male and female slaves and free "colored" persons by age categories; the number of foreigners (not naturalized) in a household; the number of deaf, dumb, and blind persons within a household; and town or district, and county of residence.

Federal Census Statistics
Census Date: 01 June 1830
Time Allowed: 6 Months
(Extended to 12 months)
Population: 12,866,020
Slaves: 2,009,043
Alabama: 309,527
US President: Andrew Jackson
US States: 24


  (NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls)

  1830 Census Questions

  You can click the link to the counties below and view the individual image of the census. Please note, the image names "does not" represent the actual census "page". The page number represented is the page number on the PDF/Reel of the census.




Volume Reel 0001

Blount, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, and Lawrence Counties


     Pages 613



Volume Reel 0002

Mobile (excluding the city of Mobile), Baldwin, Monroe, Dallas, Pickens, Bibb, Montgomery, Clarke, Shelby, Butler, Henry, Marengo, and Greene Counties


     Pages 820



Volume Reel 0003

Pike, Perry, Connecuh, Autauga, Wilcox, Fayette, Dale, Covington, Washington, Lowndes, and Tuscaloosa Counties and Mobile City


     Pages 734



Volume Reel 0004

Limestone, Madison, Marion, Morgan, St. Clair, and Walker Counties


     Pages 524